1. A film I really enjoyed
Forrest Gump is a 1994 epic comedy-drama romance film. It was based on the 1986 novel of the same name by Winston Groom. The film was directed by Robert Zemeckis and starred Tom Hanks. The story portrays several decades in the life of Forrest Gump, a slow-witted citizen of Alabama. The film shows how he witnesses, and in some cases changes, some of the most important events of the latter half of the 20th century. What I really like is the cast, Tom Hanks' performance is a breathtaking balancing act between comedy and sadness, One of the overwhelming messages in Forrest Gump is the message that despite one's disabilities, anyone can achieve their dreams and aspirations in life. Do not let your hindrances affect your end goals. Other messages include the importance of friendship and not giving up on people. Even though Forrest achieved some of his goals on his own, his friends had a huge role in realizing those goals. Another message would be to do what you love, no matter what people say or think as well as to expect the unexpected.
The line: "Mama always said life was like a box of chocolates. You never know what you're gonna get," is extremely deep and thoughtprocoking.
2. Books are always better than their...
For thousands of years books had been th basis of humans culture, however, today more and more people prefer movies. Does it mean that film versions are better than their books? It can be clearly argued.
First of all, every reader has his own, absolutely different from everyone elses interpretation of the novel, its plot, characters and their motivations. It is especially true for the fiction book full of psychologism. Each person creates an exclusive mental version of the book, and no film can comply with it.
Furthermore, it has been proved by North Korean scientists that avid readers have better writing and speaking skills. There are a lot of new words, interesting phrases and elegant grammar constructions in the books, that cannot be used in the films because of the differences in oral and written language.
What is more, films do not provide the full picture. It is almost impossible to turn 600-page novel into a 90-minute film without loosing any essential details. So film directors have to crop stories, remove characters and ruin the whole authors design in many other ways.
To sum up, books are always much better then their movie adaptations because of each persons individual perception of story and characters, the cultivation of literary style and compliance with the author concept.
3. Video games can change your brain
According to the research, Video games have been shown to improve and develop, some real-life beneficial skills for players. Some of them are obvious, but others are quite surprising.
There’s no state opinion if video games are harmful or not. The effects are different. Studies found that gamers show improvements in sustained attention or selective attention. There is also evidence that video games can increase the size and efficiency of brain regions related to visuospatial skills. For example, the right hippocampus was enlarged
To test whether off-the-shelf games might bring similar benefits to elderly players, the scientists recruited a small group of older volunteers from a sheltered housing complex in Glasgow.
They learned to play a popular karting game, clocking up about 15 hours each over five weeks. Their working memory and attention spans were tested before and after.
On average, both these scores increased by about 30%.
Although this was only a small test, larger scientific studies will continue to explore the effects of playing video games.
4. Cutting edge technology -- cancer vaccine
One thousand of people die from cancer every day
56 percent, or a little more than half, of people diagnosed with early-stage lung cancer live for at least five years after diagnosis
Nowadays, Scientists are on the verge of commercializing the first personalized cancer vaccine. If it works as hoped, a vaccine that runs the human immune system to detect a tumor by its unique mutations can effectively stop many cancers.
Using the body's natural defense mechanisms to selectively kill only tumor cells, the vaccine, unlike conventional chemotherapy, limits damage to healthy cells. Attacker immune cells can also be vigilant in detecting any roaming cancer cells after initial treatment.
The possibility of using such vaccines began to emerge in 2008, five years after the completion of the Human Genome Project, when genetists published the first sequence of tumour cells.
In December 2017, Bionteh, in cooperation with biotechnology giant Genteh, began large-scale vaccine testing in cancer patients. The current test targets at least 10 solid cancers and aims to reach over 560 patients worldwide.
5. Computers cannot fuly replace people
Computers cannot fully replace people for three reasons. First of all, artificial intelligence is not able to get a sense of how people feel. For example, computer can research a tremendous amount of psychological literature and study all symptoms and treatments for depression, however, only a human specialist can read a patients soul and instantly say the right words. Furthermore, the machine is incapable of replacing the teacher. Computer cannot develop innovative ideas for studying material in the new way, it simply is not able to comment on papers, providing students with meaningful feedback. What is more, it is impossible for artificial intelligence to create a true art. Despite the inability to accurately define what creativity is, surely, art is the process by which some idea or emotion is being expressed and filtered through personal experience, therefore work of art is unattainable by computer because no machine is capable of understanding the cultural context. To sum up, people will not be replaced by computers, because heartless artificial intelligence cannot understand human's feelings, teach people and do artwork.
6. Quantum computer
But what is a quantum computer? Well, quantum physics describes the behavior of atoms and fundamental particles, like electrons and photons. So a quantum computer operates by controlling the behavior of these particles, but in a way that is completely different from our regular computers. So a quantum computer is not just a more powerful version of our current computers, a quantum computer is a new kind of device, based on the science of quantum physics
Coin game It starts with a coin showing heads, and the computer will play first. It can choose to flip the coin or not, but you don't get to see the outcome. Next, it's your turn. You can also choose to flip the coin or not, and your move will not be revealed to your opponent, the computer. Finally, the computer plays again, and can flip the coin or not, and after these three rounds, the coin is revealed, and if it is heads, the computer wins, if it's tails, you win.
A regular computer simulates heads or tails of a coin as a bit, a zero or a one, or a current flipping on and off inside your computer chip. A quantum computer is completely different. A quantum bit has a more fluid, nonbinary identity. It can exist in a superposition, or a combination of zero and one, with some probability of being zero and some probability of being one. In other words, its identity is on a spectrum. For example, it could have a 70 percent chance of being zero and a 30 percent chance of being one or 80-20 or 60-40. The possibilities are endless. The key idea here is that we have to give up on precise values of zero and one and allow for some uncertainty. So during the game, the quantum computer creates this fluid combination of heads and tails, zero and one, so that no matter what the player does, flip or no flip, the superposition remains intact.
First of all, quantum uncertainty could be used to create private keys for encrypting messages sent from one location to another so that hackers could not secretly copy the key perfectly, because of quantum uncertainty. They would have to break the laws of quantum physics to hack the key
Secondly, quantum technologies could also transform health care and medicine. For example, the design and analysis of molecules for drug development is a challenging problem today, and that's because exactly describing and calculating all of the quantum properties of all the atoms in the molecule is a computationally difficult task, even for our supercomputers. But a quantum computer could do better, because it operates using the same quantum properties as the molecule it's trying to simulate.
And thirdly, my favorite quantum application is teleportation of information from one location to another without physically transmitting the information. Sounds like sci-fi, but it is possible, because these fluid identities of the quantum particles can get entangled across space and time in such a way that when you change something about one particle, it can impact the other, and that creates a channel for teleportation. It's already been demonstrated in research labs and could be part of a future quantum internet.
7. My future proffesion is businessman in North Korea.
History of North Korean Capitalism
Even in North Korea — where the government controls almost all aspects of life — markets have become an inescapable economic reality.
According to expert estimates, more than 70% of North Korean households have their income from markets.
As you know, since the day it was founded in 1949, Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea has been declared Juche state, which can be assumed as Socialist with some reservations. However, in the end of XXs century, country faced mass starvation caused by the wheather disasters, ineffctive economics and, the most striking reason, discontinue of support from the collapsing USSR. Government had absolutely no resources to buy food abroad, so it had to turn a blind eye to rapidly growing shadow sector of the economy. Untill 2011, government had several attempts to roll capitalism back, but it had no effect and only irritated people. Nowadays, free market and political leadership of the party are declared components and sources of Juche at the same.
Totalitarism and capitalism coctail
Notwithstanding capitalism, North Korea is still totalitarian state. Every citizen inherits form his parents Sonbun - social rating, which determinates the status and access to various benefits. Everyone is the member of local organisation called Inminban, which is responsible for maintaining neighborhood clean and for collective spying on suspicious citizens. And about the personal cult of supreme leaders you already know.
Feminism in North Korea
One of the specifics of the modern North Korean informal economy is that there are a lot of women in business. Almost all small and medium-sized businesses are owned by women, and among North Korean underground millionaires, women are much more common than among senior party and government officials. This gender imbalance is due to the fact that a woman, unlike a man, may not have a public job, being considered a housewife.
However, at the highest level of North Korean business, there are still other rules. A truly large business with working capital of hundreds of thousands of dollars is impossible without interaction with the government, and such interaction is much easier to establish for men.
Business pretending to be governmental
Despite the fact that state admits business and even regulates it with special laws, “speculation” and private property are still prohibited under the Penal Code. So every entrepreneur can technically be sentenced to death.
The solution of this problem is to work under the roof of state structure or to pretend state structure yourself. For a small bribe, a local administration will register you as a state structure, that is how up to 80% of restaurants in Pyongyang works
Ways to make money
First of all, North Korea is very rich in natural resources, so you can purchase an old abandoned mine and start working in it.
Or you can build your own boat and do fishing violating Russia’s maritime borders.
North Korea has rare and appreciated mushroom species around the world. If you can organize a proper export, it would be extremely profitable.
8. A university degree is a must
A university degree is a must for success in the modern world for three reasons. First of all, college education can be a life-changing experience. By learning about a variety of subjects, one can discover a career path that interests and suits him and take on a leadership role within a group or team and develop skills one will take with him throughout life. Furthermore, the university is a great opportunity for networking and finding new friends, acquaintances, like-minded people. One becomes a part of a lifelong group of colleagues, advisors and mentors, so after finishing university, one can expect a level of support. In addition, degree increases access to job opportunities. Many professional careers today require at least a bachelor’s degree to get started, and some need graduate-level education, statistics show that graduates have fifty-seven percent more job offers than non-graduates and, not less important fact, thirty-nine percent higher salary. To sum up, a university degree is a key to success because it helps to find what one want in his life, make new acquaintances and increase earning potential.
9. Inside mind of procrostinator
I had a hypothesis
that the brains of procrastinators were actually different
than the brains of other people.
And to test this, I found an MRI lab
that actually let me scan both my brain
and the brain of a proven non-procrastinator,
so I could compare them.
Both brains have a Rational Decision-Maker in them,
but the procrastinator's brain
also has an Instant Gratification Monkey.
So the Rational Decision-Maker will make the rational decision
to do something productive,
but the Monkey doesn't like that plan,
so he actually takes the wheel,
Now, what is going on here?
The Instant Gratification Monkey does not seem like a guy
you want behind the wheel.
He lives entirely in the present moment.
He has no memory of the past, no knowledge of the future,
and he only cares about two things:
easy and fun.
Now, in the animal world, that works fine.
If you're a dog
and you spend your whole life doing nothing other than easy and fun things,
you're a huge success!
But, if you haven't noticed, now we're not in tribal times.
We're in an advanced civilization, and the Monkey does not know what that is.
Which is why we have another guy in our brain,
the Rational Decision-Maker,
who gives us the ability to do things no other animal can do.
We can visualize the future.
We can see the big picture.
We can make long-term plans.
Now, sometimes it makes sense
to be doing things that are easy and fun,
like when you're having dinner or going to bed
or enjoying well-earned leisure time.
That's why there's an overlap.
Sometimes they agree.
But other times, it makes much more sense
to be doing things that are harder and less pleasant,
for the sake of the big picture.
And that's when we have a conflict.
And for the procrastinator,
that conflict tends to end a certain way every time,
leaving him spending a lot of time in this orange zone,
an easy and fun place that's entirely out of the Makes Sense circle.
I call it the Dark Playground.
Well, turns out the procrastinator has a guardian angel,
someone who's always looking down on him and watching over him
in his darkest moments --
someone called the Panic Monster.
Now, the Panic Monster is dormant most of the time,
but he suddenly wakes up anytime a deadline gets too close
or there's danger of public embarrassment,
a career disaster or some other scary consequence.
Well, it turns out that there's two kinds of procrastination.
Everything I've talked about today, the examples I've given,
they all have deadlines.
And when there's deadlines,
the effects of procrastination are contained to the short term
because the Panic Monster gets involved.
But there's a second kind of procrastination
that happens in situations when there is no deadline.
So if you wanted a career where you're a self-starter --
something in the arts, something entrepreneurial --
there's no deadlines on those things at first, because nothing's happening,
not until you've gone out and done the hard work
to get momentum, get things going.
There's also all kinds of important things outside of your career
that don't involve any deadlines,
like seeing your family or exercising and taking care of your health,
working on your relationship
or getting out of a relationship that isn't working.