As the Internet grew through the 1980s and early 1990s, many people realized the increasing need to be able to find and organize files and information. Projects such as Gopher, WAIS, and the FTP Archive list attempted to create ways to organize distributed data. Unfortunately, all these projects fell short in being able to accommodate all the existing data types and in being able to grow without bottlenecks.
So, in 1989, whilst working at CERN, Tim Berners-Lee invented a protocol for hypertext exchange, called HTTP (Hyper Text Transfer Protocol) and a special language to mark out text – HTML (Hyper Text Mark-Up Language). By releasing this inventions to public use, he ensured the technology would become widespread.
To interact with this technologies a special programm – browser, was released. The first browser, written by Marc Andreessen (Netscape Communication founder), was Mosaic, released in 1993. Subsequently, the whole bunch of modern technologies emerged: Java from Sun Mycrosystems, IE from Microsoft, Flash from Adobe, etc. All this companies realized the commercial potential of the Internet and the WWW, and as a conseguence Web 1.0 was born.
At the same time, the spread of personal computers became more and more global, so this new concepts like WWW were feed not only by investors and large companies, but by the new «digital markets» as well.